Omar Sheikhmous: We must take lessons from others countries in building the state after the war

Omar Shaikhmous, an academic specialized in international relations, said that the issue of benefiting from the experiences of Middle Eastern countries in writing the constitution, such as Turkey, Iraq and other countries, is a good thing, but the problem lies in the application and the mechanism of implementation.

Sheikhmous’s speech came during his participation via the “Zoom”, in the fifth dialogue session held by Ezdina, on Thursday March 25 2021, in the city of Qamishlo/Qamishli within the project “A Constitution That Protects Us”, in the presence of political leaders and representatives of political parties in northeastern region of Syria.

Sheikhmous explained that the importance of the constitution lies in its implementation, pointing to the importance of respecting the constitution and for citizens to know the content of the constitution so that they can understand their rights.

Sheikhmous added that the Geneva conferences and UN envoys aimed to get rid of the dilemma related to forming a national unity government and arranging for a fair electoral process to write a constitution by the House of Representatives and the transitional government, explaining that their feeling of lack of success in the task made them focus on the constitution, delegates from the opposition, the government and some independents.

Sheikhmous emphasized that the process was very incomplete because the constitution is not only a text, the implementation mechanisms must be very sophisticated, because Syria after 10 years of devastating war, cannot be a central state again.

Sheikhmous considered Syria is divided into three regions, effectively, and it is difficult to unify those regions without thinking of a system that absorbs this fact on the ground, adding that the appropriate solution for the future of Syria is to pave the way for reconciliation.

The academic specialized in international relations pointed out that the state should be decentralized and federal because the decentralized government has proven its effectiveness in managing governance and making room for a good governance.

Sheikhmous noted the existence of religious and ethnic minorities calling for arranging matters in different ways than before, stressing the need to form a system of government that understands and accepts the demands of the various components of the Syrian people through a process of reconciliation.

Sheikhmous pointed out that there are aspects in the constitution that are likely to remain in the hands of the central government, especially some positions such as the Ministry of Defense and Economy, but decentralized decision-making is very important for the future of governance in Syria.

Sheikhmous added that the international community is ready to help the Syrian people build an open democratic state, but it is difficult to accept that its government is as central and militaristic as it is today.

Sheikhmous considered the form of governance and administration in Syria now to be so corrupt that it becomes difficult to continue the current situation through the existing regime, pointing to the importance of benefiting from the experience of Japan and Germany after the world war in building the state and the form of governance and administration, by training people to run the state.

Sheikhmous suggested training Syrians abroad to equip educated administrative cadres to work on changing the administrative system in Syria and shaping it in a modern and democratic way in order to build a decentralized, pluralistic state.

The academic specializing in international relations emphasized the need to change Assad's regime of nationalism because everyone is calling for an open, pluralistic state that believes in the principles of equality and justice that preserves the rights of all, in order to rearrange matters towards democratic elections.

Sheikhmous said that with regard to the demands of the Kurds and other minorities, it is possible to benefit from the French government’s project during its mandate over Syria, as the project at the time included building a federal state and establishing a state for the Sunnis, another for Druz, a third for Alawites and a fourth for the Kurds and Christians.

Sheikhmous concluded his speech by saying that Syria, after having experienced ten years of devastating internal warfare, cannot have an effective political role in the region, so it must be a neutral country that focuses on security, the police, and preserving civil peace in the country in a future stage.



Activities,5,Dialogue Sessions,18,Hasaka,15,Media,21,Multimedia,16,Op-eds,3,Outputs,19,Pictures library,4,Qamishli,63,Reports,13,Statements,37,video library,11,
A Constitution That Protects Us - Ezdina Organization: Omar Sheikhmous: We must take lessons from others countries in building the state after the war
Omar Sheikhmous: We must take lessons from others countries in building the state after the war
A Constitution That Protects Us - Ezdina Organization
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